APA Demystified in 5 Minutes

Citation Formats: Click the tabs to view the in-text and reference citation formats.

In-Text Citations             

Parenthetical

Signal Phrase

Quotation                                                                                    

(Jensen, 2010, p. 5)

Note:  If no author is provided, use a shortened version of the title enclosed in quotation marks (“Immigration Rules,” 2009, p. 7).

                                        

Jensen (2010) stated, “The results of this global warming study are skewed to present a problem that has political pull” (p. 5).

A spokesperson for the Arizona Border Patrol said, “We have only so many rangers to guard hundreds of miles of border land; there are bound to be problems” (“Immigration Rules,” 2009, p. 7).

Paraphrase 

(Jensen, 2010)

Note:  If no author is provided, use a shortened version of the title enclosed in quotation marks (“Immigration Rules,” 2009).

Jensen (2010) believes the results were fabricated to cater to a certain political agenda.

The Border Patrol’s problems are too many miles to patrol and not enough rangers to patrol them (“Immigration Rules,” 2009).

 

Reference citation for a print journal

Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page-page.

Stultz, L. (2012). The life of a traveling contractor. Urban Living, 3(4), 12-15.

Reference citation for a online journal article with no DOI

Author, A. A.  (date of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume(issue), page numbers. Retrieved from URL

Jones, L. (1990). How to eat and stay slim. Journal of Healthy Living, 4(3), 120-125.  Retrieved from http://journalofhealthyliving.org

Note: Give the journal home page as the URL. Do not reference the database where the resource was retrieved.

Reference citation for a print journal article with a DOI

Author, A. A. (date of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume(issue), page numbers. http://dx.doi.org/xxxx

VanNess, V. (2009). Understanding the Vikings. Journal of Norwegian History, 24(3), 223-227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1026/0098987677

Note: Do not put “Retrieved from” before the DOI link. Also correct is to put the DOI number after “doi:” as shown below:

VanNess, V. (2009). Understanding the Vikings. Journal of Norwegian History, 24(3), 223-227. doi: 10.1026/0098987677

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