APA In-Text and Reference Citations for Web Pages

In-Text Citations             


Signal Phrase


(Smith & Jay, 2013, para. 10)

Note: If a web page does not have numbered pages, use the paragraph number in place of the page number.                                           

Smith and Jay (2003) are sure that the best way to “preserve nature is to plant native trees” (para. 10).                                               


(Smith & Jay, 2013) Smith and Jay (2013) believe the seeds of native trees are the key to environmental salvation.

Reference citation for a web page with an individual author

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of page. Retrieved from URL

Smith, M., & Jay, J. (2013). Building a better world. Retrieved from http://www.plantnativetrees.com

Reference citation for a web page with a corporate author or sponsoring organization


Sponsoring Organization. (year of publication). Title of page. Retrieved from URL

Note: To tell references apart when the author and year are the same, add lowercase letters after the year (2015a, 2015b, etc.). First alphabetize the references by author name and then by title to determine which is “a” and which is “b.”

National Geographic. (2011a). Hybrid Cuban-American crocodiles on the rise. Retrieved from http://bit.ly/24ndK95

National Geographic. (2011b). Iceman’s stomach sampled – filled with goat meat. Retrieved from http://bit.ly/1QAf58E

Reference citation with no individual or corporate author or sponsoring organization

Title of the web page. (copyright date or updated date at the bottom of the page). Retrieved from URL

Raising roofs. (2004). Retrieved from http://www.raisingroofs.com