APA In-Text and Reference Citations for Interviews

In-Text Citations             

Parenthetical       

Signal Phrase

Quotation or Paraphrase                                                                                 (D. L. Martinez, personal communication, March 5, 2011)                                             

D. L. Martinez (personal communication, March 5, 2011) said, . . .

                                          
 

No reference citation 

Unpublished interviews are not retrievable, so they do not appear on the references page.  The only citation is an in-text citation.